On June 22, 2009, the Government of India extended the ban on the Communist Party of India (Maoist) across the country.

Previously the Maoist party was banned only in a few states like Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Orissa. Home Minister P. Chidambaram told reporters: ‘Today, what we have done, in order to avoid any ambiguity, we have added the words CPI-Maoist in the schedule of the (Unlawful Activities Prevention) Act. Maoists now are a part of 34 other organizations including Laskhar-e-Toiba (LeT) and the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) who are in the list of banned outfits. The Left Front Government of West Bengal and the CPI-M did not favour banning the Maoists; they were of the opinion that the Maoists should be fought politically.  Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee said he is considering implementation of the ban after meeting  both the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Union Home Minister P Chidambaram on June 21.

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